Dmidecode

Dmidecode gives you infos on the components installed on your motherboard, often avoiding the need to open up the case or, more annoying, a laptop.

Here a table of convertion provided by the man page, you can ask ifos with dmidecode -t #

Another nice tool is lscpu, for more detailed infos on the CPU

Type   Information ──────────────────────────────────────────── 0    BIOS 1    System 2    Baseboard 3    Chassis 4    Processor 5    Memory Controller 6    Memory Module 7    Cache 8    Port Connector 9    System Slots 10   On Board Devices 11   OEM Strings 12   System Configuration Options 13   BIOS Language 14   Group Associations 15   System Event Log 16   Physical Memory Array 17   Memory Device 18   32-bit Memory Error 19   Memory Array Mapped Address 20   Memory Device Mapped Address 21   Built-in Pointing Device 22   Portable Battery 23   System Reset 24   Hardware Security 25   System Power Controls 26   Voltage Probe 27   Cooling Device 28   Temperature Probe 29   Electrical Current Probe 30   Out-of-band Remote Access 31   Boot Integrity Services 32   System Boot 33   64-bit Memory Error 34   Management Device 35   Management Device Component 36   Management Device Threshold Data 37   Memory Channel 38   IPMI Device 39   Power Supply 40   Additional Information 41   Onboard Devices Extended Information 42   Management Controller Host Interface
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